Cryptocurrencies Regulations in Central Asia

Cryptocurrencies Regulations in Central Asia

Table of Contents


On March 30, 2018, the head of the Kazakhstan National Bank, Daniyar Akishev, stated that the National Bank had a very conservative position on the issue of cryptocurrencies and welcomed only strict restrictions because of multiple issues related to consumer protection, money laundering, and tax avoidance. He added that legislative amendments had already been prepared to prohibit the purchase and sale of cryptocurrencies for national currency, ban the activity of exchanges, and ban any type of mining. No information was found indicating that the proposed amendments have been enacted.



On February 19, 2018, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed a decree instructing the Central Bank of Uzbekistan and several other agencies to develop a legislative framework for the use of digital money on the territory of Uzbekistan by September 1, 2018. In September of 2017 the Central Bank expressed the opinion that it was not advisable to allow operations with cryptocurrencies because of the possibility of terrorism financing and other criminal activities.



On January 17, 2018, the head of Kyrgyzstan’s National Bank, Tolkunbek Abdygulov, stated that the Bank did not plan to impede the development of the cryptocurrency market in Kyrgyzstan. He noted that it is very difficult to ban something that the Central Bank does not issue and that citizens of Kyrgyzstan investing in cryptocurrency do so at their own risk and peril. In October of 2017 the Central Bank reportedly stated that it was not considering introducing any prohibitive or restrictive measures regarding the mining of cryptocurrency.



On January 15, 2018, the National Bank of Tajikistan issued a statement warning the citizens of the republic about the risks associated with the use of cryptocurrency. The Bank believes that, due to their anonymity, many cryptocurrency transactions can be used for conducting doubtful operations. According to the Bank, cryptocurrency can be exposed to cyberattacks or used for money laundering and terrorist financing. The Bank also clarified that in Tajikistan cryptocurrency cannot be considered an official means of exchange or savings, or a unit of account.